Expert Care Center
Gazelle Aram, MD
Pain Management located in Delray Beach, FL
Migraines Q & A
What are migraines?
- Sensitivity to light, sound, touch, and smell
- Blurred vision
Sometimes people who have migraines experience auras, which could appear as lights or spots in front of your eyes, or affect your other senses. Auras originate from the nervous system and disrupt your normal senses.
Migraines are a condition that affects certain people and not others, so unlike headaches which everyone gets now and then, only some people experience migraines. For most people who do get migraines, they’re impossible to work through, and resting somewhere quiet and dark is the only answer.
What causes migraines?
While there’s no definitive answer to what causes migraines, there are certain triggers, and some groups of people are more likely to experience migraines. Known triggers for migraine attacks include:
- Taking estrogen medications
- Chemical imbalances in the brain
- Eating processed foods, very salty foods, or strong cheeses
- Eating irregularly and fasting
- Food additives such as aspartame and monosodium glutamate
- Alcohol and caffeinated drinks
- Bright lights or glare from the sun
- Powerful smells
- Poor quality of sleep
- Intense physical activities
- Changes in the weather
To help determine what your triggers are, it’s useful to start recording everything that happened prior to your migraine starting, each time you have one. After several episodes, you can compare the notes you made and see if anything is the same each time.
What treatments are available for migraines?
Migraine treatments tend to focus on using medications to stop you from having migraines so often, or prevent your migraines from developing or worsening once they start.
While regular headaches respond well to over-the-counter medications like aspirin, paracetamol, and ibuprofen, most people find these treatments less effective for migraines.
- Preventative medications such as: B-Blockers, Calcium channel blockers, Atypical antidepressants, etc
- Abortive medications such as: Triptans, Ergotamine
- Anti-nausea medicine
- Anti-seizure drugs
- Nerve Blocks
It is also important to make sure that the headaches are truly migraines and not other types of headaches such as cervicogenic headaches, cluster headaches, tension, etc.
To find out more about headache treatments, call Expert Care Center or book an appointment online today.